Sleep Services provided at Family Sleep Diagnostics
At Family Sleep Diagnostics, we are a full service sleep management clinic. We provide sleep consultation, sleep testing, sleep studies, diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders.
The first step in getting better sleep is meeting with a sleep specialist to talk about your sleep problems. Not everyone has a sleep disorder. Your doctor can learn about your sleep situation and give solutions that might work for you. Most insurance providers do not require a referral from your primary care provider to see the specialists at Family Sleep Diagnostics.
If your sleep specialists believes you may have a sleep disorder, they will order a sleep study. A sleep study requires an overnight stay in one of our sleep clinics so we can monitor your sleep.
The testing suites at Family Sleep Diagnostics offer patients a home away from home and come equipped with television and secure Wi-Fi.
Sleep Tests That Are Done at Family Sleep Diagnostics’ Sleep Labs
There are a variety of sleep tests that we administer. Here are just a few of them:
ADULT POLYSOMNOGRAPHY, or PSG
Adult Polysomnography is a sleep test that utilizes small electrodes on the head to monitor brain waves and record sleep, as well as chin and eye movements. Velcro belts are also attached across the chest and stomach to record breathing patterns, while a nasal cannula and thermal sensor are used to monitor the flow of air through the nose. Electrodes are placed on the legs and near the heart to record limb movement and heartbeat, respectively. Finally, a pulse oximeter is placed on the finger to monitor heart rate and oxygen levels and a microphone is utilized to record snoring.
Adult Polysomnography is done without Positive Airway Pressure therapy. However, Inspire Therapy, Mandibular Advancement Therapy, or another non-PAP treatment may be analyzed.
Split Polysomnography, or PSG, is a sleep test that utilizes small electrodes on the head to monitor brain waves and record sleep, as well as chin and eye movements. Velcro belts are also attached across the chest and stomach to record breathing patterns, while a nasal cannula and thermal sensor are used to monitor the flow of air through the nose. Electrodes are placed on the legs and near the heart to record limb movement and heartbeat, respectively. Finally, a pulse oximeter is placed on the finger to monitor heart rate and oxygen levels and a microphone is utilized to record snoring.
This test is unique in that it begins by monitoring the patient through the first half of the night in order to establish a baseline and then Positive Airway Pressure is initiated and titrated for the second half if patient meets criteria. This is the most common sleep test ordered.
Titration Polysomnography, or PSG, is a study administered in order to determine the Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) needed to improve apnea and snoring. Titration PSG monitors all the same body functions as listed above for Adult PSG while the patient is using PAP Therapy throughout the entire night.
This test is unique in that it is only ordered after a patient has qualified for Positive Airway Pressure therapy and requires further analysis to achieve ideal titration. This test may also be ordered if a patient’s symptoms have returned after using PAP therapy for a time and need adjustments made to their levels during a supervised sleep.
MULTIPLE SLEEP LATENCY TESTING
Multiple Sleep Latency Testing, or MSLT, is a study executed in the daytime that measures a person’s ability to fall asleep. MLST is conducted in cooperation with a PSG study the previous night. It is used to establish how fast a person can fall asleep, specifically in the day, after a night of normal sleep. This study takes a full day to complete and involves monitoring nap opportunities every two hours.
This test may be ordered to evaluate narcolepsy or hypersomnia and involves screening for drugs. If an underlying condition (ie. moderate sleep apnea or moderate periodic limb movement) is observed, MSLT would not be conducted until the underlying condition is treated.
MAINTENANCE OF WAKEFULNESS TESTING
Maintenance of Wakefulness Test, or MWT, is a study executed to measure a person’s ability to remain awake. By utilizing electrodes, a patient is monitored during multiple trial periods. Typically, a patient will be monitored throughout 4 forty-minute periods. During each forty-minute period, they will be seated in a bed supported by a bolster pillow. The room will remain quiet and dark (besides a small nightlight) and patients are asked to refrain from any extreme behaviors that might keep them awake. This test follows a full night PSG to ensure the patient has a good night’s sleep.
MWT is often ordered for pilots or drivers, as well as patients being treated for a sleep disorder who need to document an ability to stay awake throughout difficult circumstances. This test involves screening for drugs.
HOME SLEEP APNEA TESTING
Home Sleep Apnea Testing, or HSAT, is utilized to determine if a patient does indeed have sleep apnea after it is decided that the probability of such a diagnosis is high based on previous examinations and questionnaires. A limited channel device is used to monitor breathing and airflow, heart rate, oxygen levels, and snoring. HSAT collects enough data to detect sleep apnea, however, it doesn’t address sleep type, sleep duration, arousals, body movements and positions, a signal pattern of the heartbeat, and various other data that is available through in lab overnight testing.
However, HSAT is still incredibly effective at looking at snoring and pauses in breathing associated with sleep apnea. It is less expensive and convenient because it is possible to administer this test in a patient’s home.
Note: In-lab testing may be required for other types of sleep disorders and for anyone with heart, respiratory, or neurological conditions.
Sleep Disorder Treatment at Family Sleep Diagnostics
After you have had a sleep study you may require treatment for a sleep disorder. Your sleep specialist will work with you to decide the treatment option that is a good fit for you. We provide the following sleep disorder treatment options.
- CPAP Therapy – We have a variety of CPAP machines and supplies at our affiliated company Family Sleep Therapy. Your sleep specialist will help you decide which option is best for you.
- Medication Therapy – In some cases, medication may be an option to treat disordered sleep. Our sleep specialists will work with you to find a medication that works for you.
- Lifestyle Adjustment – Sometimes treatment can be recommended in the form of lifestyle changes. Our sleep specialists can help come up with some adjustments in your lifestyle that will help you get better sleep.
- Oral Appliances – We work with local dentists to provide oral appliance therapy to patients who qualify.
- Inspire Therapy –Inspire therapy is a small, fully implanted system that senses breathing patterns and delivers mild stimulation to maintain multilevel airway patency during sleep.